|Podcast 8.8 Internal Functions Of The Rhetoric Of Satan In Paul And John - Philip A. Harland|
Here I introduce Paul's apocalyptic worldview and go on to discuss the way in which some early Christian authors or leaders (e.g. Paul and the elder John) used the language or rhetoric of Satan or evil personified figures (e.g. Antichrist) to label and combat internal opponents within the Christian communities.
Keywords: ancient history; early christianity; satan; devil; antichrist; ancient judaism; apostle paul; johaninne epistles
|Podcast 1.11: Legacies of Paul - Women's leadership, part 1 - Philip A. Harland|
This and the following episode look at legacies and interpretations of Paul after his death. In particular, I use several letters written in the name of Paul (the Pastoral epistles) and a novelistic story about Paul and a woman named Thecla (Acts of Paul and Thecla) as a window into debates about leadership of women in groups of Jesus-followers in the second century. These diverging portraits of Paul can be better understood against the background of Greek and Roman criticisms of certain early C...
Keywords: early christianity; bible; christian origins; new testament; thecla; acts of paul and thecla; pastoral epistles; 1 timothy; titus; apostle paul; greco-roman religions; ancient history; history
|Podcast 1.3: Paul's response to Jesus-followers at Thessalonica - Philip A. Harland|
This third episode looks at Paul's response to followers of Jesus at Thessalonica, including his attempt to comfort these socially dislocated Christians, his use of familial language to build up their identity, and his use of praising (demonstrative) rhetoric. It also begins to consider Paul as an apocalyptic Judean. This episode is part of series one ("Paul and his Communities") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; judaism; new testament; 1 thessalonians; apostle paul; early christianity; history; christian origins; New Testament; apostle Paul; 1 Thessalonians; Greco-Roman world; Christian origins; Judaism; apocalypticism
|Podcast 1.2: The Situation at Thessalonica - Philip A. Harland|
This second episode looks at the situation among followers of Jesus at Thessalonica in Macedonia in the mid-first century. Considering the ethnic and social makeup of the earliest Christians, this episode also discusses two main problems faced by these followers of Jesus: “afflictions” and the death of fellow-followers of Jesus. This prepares the way for episode three, which will look at how Paul responds to this situation in his letter, known as 1 Thessalonians in the New Testament...
Keywords: history, Christianity, early christianity, christian origins, new testament, judaism, apostle paul, greco-roman world; Paul; Thessalonica; 1 Thessalonians; New Testament; Christian origins
|Podcast 3.5: Diversity in Asia Minor - A Regional Case Study - Philip A. Harland|
Here I use the region of Asia Minor (Turkey) as a case study that allows me to outline various strands and styles within Christianity in the first and second centuries. I then go on to outline our approach to studying the worldviews and practices of Christian groups and "heresies" in the second and third centuries. This is part of series 3 ("Diversity in Early Christianity: 'Heresies' and Struggles") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; new testament; bible; christian origins; paul; history; ancient history; religion
|Podcast 1.8: Paul's response to the Galatians - Philip A. Harland|
This second episode on Paul's letter to the Galatians looks at Paul's response to the situation involving opponents that were advocating circumcision. I discuss the apocalyptic rationale behind Paul's notion that circumcision was not an entrance requirement for Gentiles to belong to the Jesus groups. In the process, I also begin to deal with Paul's complicated positions regarding the Torah (the law) and its relation to non-Judeans...
Keywords: early Christianity; new testament; bible; christian origins; ancient judaism; greco-roman religions; apostle paul; galatia; judaism
|Podcast 1.4: Paul and the followers of Jesus at Corinth, part 1 - Philip A. Harland|
This fourth episode is part one of three that look at the followers of Jesus at Corinth through Paul's letter known as 1 Corinthians in the New Testament. After discussing the city of Corinth, I go on to consider the history of Paul's interactions with these Christians, which was characterized by rocky relations. Then we delve into the situation among the Corinthians that led Paul to write his letter, primarily the issue of social and religious divisions within the Jesus groups at Corinth (in 1 ...
Keywords: early Christianity; christian origins; apostle paul; 1 corinthians; corinth; greco-roman world; judaism; ancient history
|Podcast 1.9: Paul and the situation at Rome - Philip A. Harland|
This episode looks at the situation at Rome in the mid-first century that led Paul to write the letter to the Romans, now in the New Testament. In particular, I delve into the purposes in Paul writing and his focus on what he sees as ethnic divisions between Greeks and Judeans in the groups of Jesus-followers. It appears that certain Greek or Gentile followers of Jesus were looking down upon Judean Jesus-followers who were concerned with following the law, including avoidance of foods associated...
Keywords: early Christianity; bible; new testament; apostle paul; romans; judaism; christian origins
|Podcast 1.1: Paul in his own words - Philip A. Harland|
In this first episode on Paul and his communities, we look at autobiographical statements by Paul as a way of introducing Paul and his letters from an historical perspective. This is part of series one (Paul and his Communities) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast. (Episode re-edited and improved January 29, 2009.)
Keywords: history, early christianity, new testament, apostle paul; religion; ancient history; early christianity; ancient religions
|Podcast 3.8: Jewish Followers of Jesus, part 2 - Pseudo-Clement - Philip A. Harland|
Here I continue to explore Jewish followers of Jesus by examining key passages in an apocryphal novel attributed to Clement of Rome, also known as the Pseudo-Clementine writings. In particular, an opening letter claiming to be written by Peter to James and the story of Peter's debates with Simon Magus (a cipher for Paul) provide glimpses into struggles between Jewish followers of Jesus and others, including Pauline forms of Christianity...
Keywords: early Christianity; pseudo-clementine; apocrypha; paul; peter; bible; new testament; early christianity; christian origins; judaism
|Podcast 1.10: Paul's response to the Romans - Philip A. Harland|
This episode considers Paul's response to the ethnic divisions that existed among groups of Jesus-followers at Rome. Here I discuss Paul's main arguments regarding the equally condemnable and equally save-able status of both Judeans and Greeks (or Gentiles), as well as Paul's view that "all Israel will be saved". This series is part of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast, connected with the blog of the same name at
Keywords: early Christianity; christian origins; bible; new testament; apostle paul; romans; greco-roman religion; ancient history; history
|Podcast 1.7: Paul and the situation in Galatia - Philip A. Harland|
This episode looks at the situation in Galatia that led Paul to write his letter in the mid-first century (part 1 of 2). After Paul left this region of Asia Minor, certain leaders of the Jesus movement had passed through and discovered Gentiles (non-Judeans) who were not circumcized, despite the fact they thought they belonged to this Judean (Jewish) movement. Here I explore the rationale of these opponents of Paul who advocated circumcision as an entrance requirement into the movement and as a ...
Keywords: new testament; apostle paul; galatia; galatians; bible; early christianity; christian origins; ancient judaism; greco-roman world; ancient mediterranean; jesus movement
|Podcast 1.6 Paul and the followers of Jesus at Corinth, part 3 - Philip A. Harland|
This episode concludes the discussion of followers of Jesus at Corinth with a focus on Paul's response to the situation (in 1 Corinthians). Here we see Paul's education in Greco-Roman methods of rhetoric or argumentation. Paul's arguments for unity and against divisions provide a clear example of deliberative rhetoric, comparable to political speeches by the likes of Dio Chrysostom. This episode is part of series one ("Paul and his Communities") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podc...
Keywords: early christianity; new testament; 1 corinthians; apostle paul; christian origins; ancient judaism; greco-roman world; dio chrysostom; deliberative rhetoric; bible
|Podcast 1.12: Legacies of Paul - Women's leadership, part 2 - Philip A. Harland|
This final episode in series 1 concludes the discussion of the Acts of Paul and Thecla in relation to the Pastoral epistles, addressing the ways in which Paul was used within debates about womens' leadership in second century groups of Jesus-followers. This is the final episode in series 1. Series 2 will take an historical and literary look at the gospels in terms of "Portraits of Jesus in Early Christianity"...
Keywords: early Christianity; history; Christian origins; new Testament; bible; acts of paul and thecla; pastoral epistles; 1 timothy; 2 timothy; titus; women; greco-roman society; ancient history; roman empire